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Capital of songapore

capital of Singapore,Additional Information

19/08/ · Singapore is both a city and a country, so its capital also happens to be the whole of Singapore, as well. This also explains why all of Singapore’s phone numbers belong to a Singapore, city, capital of the Republic of Singapore. It occupies the southern part of Singapore Island. Its strategic position on the strait between the Indian Ocean and South China Sea, 07/06/ · Singapore Capital. Singapore is both a country and its capital. Also referred as the Lion City, the Garden City or the Little Red Dot, it consists of 63 islands, Pulau Ujong being The capital of Singapore is Singapore, which was founded 8/9/ Singapore has been the capital since NA. Singapore is the largest city in Singapore and functions as: Houses the The Capital City of Singapore (officially named Republic of Singapore) is the city of Singapore. The population of Singapore in the year was 4,, Singapore is a Malay, English, ... read more

When the British force of 60, troops surrendered on 15 FebruaryBritish prime minister Winston Churchill called the defeat "the worst disaster and largest capitulation in British history". Japanese newspapers triumphantly declared the victory as deciding the general situation of the war. After the Japanese surrender to the Allies on 15 AugustSingapore fell into a brief state of violence and disorder; looting and revenge-killing were widespread.

British, Australian, and Indian troops led by Lord Louis Mountbatten returned to Singapore to receive the formal surrender of Japanese forces in the region from General Seishirō Itagaki on behalf of General Hisaichi Terauchi on 12 September He was convicted and hanged in the Philippines on 23 February Much of Singapore's infrastructure had been capital of songapore during the war, including those needed to supply utilities. A shortage of food led to malnutrition, disease, capital of songapore , and rampant crime and violence.

A series of strikes in caused massive stoppages in public transport and other services. However, by late the economy began to recover, facilitated by a growing international demand for tin and rubber.

British Military Administration ended on 1 Aprilwith Singapore becoming a separate Crown Colony. During the s, capital of songapore , Chinese communistswith strong ties to the capital of songapore unions and Chinese schools, waged a guerrilla war against the government, leading to the Malayan Emergency. The National Service riotsHock Lee bus riotsand Chinese middle schools riots in Singapore were all linked to these events.

He resigned and was replaced by Lim Yew Hock inand after further negotiations Britain agreed to grant Singapore full internal self-government for all matters except defence and foreign affairs. PAP leaders believed that Singapore's future lay with Malaya, due to strong ties between the two, capital of songapore.

It was thought that reuniting with Malaya would benefit capital of songapore economy by creating a common market, alleviating ongoing unemployment woes in Singapore, capital of songapore. However, a sizeable pro-communist wing of the PAP was strongly opposed to the merger, fearing a loss of influence, and hence formed the Barisan Sosialis capital of songapore , splitting from the PAP, capital of songapore.

UMNO, initially sceptical of the idea of a merger due to distrust of the PAP government and concern that the large ethnic Chinese capital of songapore in Singapore would alter the racial balance in Malaya on which their political power base depended, became supportive of the idea of the merger due to joint fear of a communist takeover.

On 27 MayMalaya's prime minister, Tunku Abdul Rahmanmade a surprise proposal for a new Federation called Malaysia capital of songapore , which would unite the current and former British possessions in the region: the Federation of MalayaSingapore, BruneiNorth Borneoand Sarawak. This referendum included a choice of different terms for a merger with Malaysia and had no option for avoiding merger altogether. Indonesia opposed the formation of Malaysia due to its own claims over Borneo and launched Konfrontasi Confrontation in Indonesian in response to the formation of Malaysia.

It was the deadliest of at least 42 bomb incidents which occurred during the confrontation. Even after the merger, the Singaporean government and the Malaysian central government disagreed on many political and economic issues.

In retaliation, Singapore did not extend capital of songapore Sabah and Sarawak the full extent of the loans agreed to for economic development of the two eastern states, capital of songapore. Talks soon broke down, and abusive speeches and writing became rife on both sides. This led to communal strife in Singapore, capital of songapore , culminating in the race riots. After being expelled from Malaysia, Singapore became independent as the Republic of Singapore on 9 August[93] [94] with Lee Kuan Yew and Yusof bin Ishak as the first prime minister and president respectively.

During the s, Singapore began to shift towards high-tech industries, such as the wafer fabrication sector, in order to remain competitive as neighbouring countries began manufacturing with cheaper labour. Singapore Changi Airport was opened in and Singapore Airlines was formed. The PAP, which has remained in power since independence, is believed to rule in an authoritarian manner by some activists and opposition politicians who see the strict regulation of political and media activities by the government as an infringement on political rights.

Group Representation Constituencies GRCs were introduced in to create multi-seat electoral divisions, intended to ensure minority representation in parliament. InGoh Chok Tong succeeded Lee and became Singapore's second prime minister.

Singapore is a parliamentary republic based on the Westminster system. The Constitution of Singapore is the supreme law of the country, establishing the structure and responsibility of government. The president is head of state and exercises executive power on the advice of her ministers. The prime minister is head of government and is appointed by the president as the person most likely to command the confidence of a majority of Parliament.

Cabinet is chosen by the capital of songapore minister and formally appointed by the president. The government is separated into three branches:. The president is directly elected by popular vote for a renewable six-year term. Requirements for this position, which were enacted by the PAP government, are extremely stringent, such that only a handful of people qualify for the candidacy.

The Constitution requires that presidential elections be " reserved " for a racial community if no one from that ethnic group has been elected to the presidency in the five most recent terms. She also became Singapore's first female president. Members of Parliament MPs are elected at least every five years or sooner in the case of a snap election.

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Understanding Singapore Politics Tan, Kenneth Paul Renaissance Singapore? Economy, Culture, and Politics. Worthington, Ross Governance in Singapore. Yew, Lee Kuan. From Third World To First: The Singapore Story: — New York: HarperCollins, Singapore at Wikipedia's sister projects. It began as a port of call but was transformed into modern-day Singapore when the Stamford Raffles arrived there in Singapore proved to be an important shipping outlet for many vessels.

At the heart of the city lie public buildings for legal and parliamentary offices as well as many principal commercial buildings.

The best museums in Singapore add to the cultural and aesthetic landscape of Singapore. Also, pockets of multicultural melting pots and enclaves become colourful backdrops for things like Chinese New Year festivals and other celebrations. And everything can be reached with ease, thanks to its efficient transportation system and public infrastructure. It covers 93 square kilometres of the port area and has six gateways to accommodate different types of seafaring vessels.

It lies about one degree of latitude kilometres or 85 miles north of the equator , off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula , bordering the Strait of Malacca to the west, the Singapore Strait to the south, the South China Sea to the east, and the Straits of Johor to the north.

It has the third highest population density in the world. With a multicultural population and recognising the need to respect cultural identities of the major ethnic groups within the nation, Singapore has four official languages : English , Malay , Mandarin , and Tamil.

English is the lingua franca and numerous public services are available only in English. Multiracialism is enshrined in the constitution and continues to shape national policies in education, housing, and politics. Singapore's history dates back at least a millennium, having been a maritime emporium known as Temasek and subsequently as a major constituent part of several successive thalassocratic empires.

Its contemporary era began in when Stamford Raffles established Singapore as an entrepôt trading post of the British Empire. In , the colonies in Southeast Asia were reorganised and Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements.

During the Second World War , Singapore was occupied by Japan in , and returned to British control as a separate crown colony following Japan's surrender in Singapore gained self-governance in and in became part of the new federation of Malaysia , alongside Malaya , North Borneo , and Sarawak. Ideological differences , most notably the perceived encroachment of the egalitarian " Malaysian Malaysia " political ideology led by Lee Kuan Yew into the other constituent entities of Malaysia—at the perceived expense of the bumiputera and the policies of Ketuanan Melayu — eventually led to Singapore's expulsion from the federation two years later; Singapore became an independent sovereign country in After early years of turbulence whilst lacking natural resources and a hinterland , the nation rapidly developed to become one of the Four Asian Tigers based on international trade and economic globalisation , integrating itself within the world economy through free trade with minimal to no trade barriers or tariffs , export-oriented industrialisation , and the large accumulation of received foreign direct investments , foreign-exchange reserves , and assets held by sovereign wealth funds.

A highly developed country , it is tied for 11th on the UN Human Development Index and has the second-highest GDP per capita PPP in the world. Identified as a tax haven , Singapore is the only country in Asia with a AAA sovereign credit rating from all major rating agencies. It is a major aviation , financial , and maritime shipping hub, and has consistently been ranked as one of the most expensive cities to live in for expatriates and foreign workers.

Singapore is placed highly in key social indicators: education , healthcare , quality of life , personal safety , infrastructure , and housing , with a home-ownership rate of 88 percent. Singaporeans enjoy one of the longest life expectancies , fastest Internet connection speeds , lowest infant mortality rates , and lowest levels of corruption in the world.

Singapore is a unitary parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government, and its legal system is based on common law. Although the country is a multi-party democracy with free elections , the government under the People's Action Party PAP wields significant control and dominance over politics and society.

The PAP has ruled the country continuously since full internal self-government was achieved in , with 83 out of seats in Parliament as of the election , the rest of the seats being held by the Workers' Party WP and the Progress Singapore Party PSP.

One of the five founding members of ASEAN , Singapore is also the headquarters of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation APEC Secretariat, the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council PECC Secretariat, and is the host city of many international conferences and events. Singapore is also a member of the United Nations , World Trade Organization , East Asia Summit , Non-Aligned Movement , and the Commonwealth of Nations.

The English name of "Singapore" is an anglicisation of the native Malay name for the country, Singapura , which was in turn derived from the Sanskrit word for "lion city" Sanskrit : सिंहपुर; romanised: Siṃhapura ; Brahmi : 𑀲𑀺𑀁𑀳𑀧𑀼𑀭; literally "lion city"; siṃha means "lion", pura means "city" or "fortress".

The name possibly means "Sea Town", being derived from the Malay tasek , meaning "sea" or "lake". Danmaxi may be a transcription of Temasek , alternatively, it may be a combination of the Malay Tanah meaning "land" and Chinese Xi meaning "tin," which was traded on the island. Variations of the name Siṃhapura were used for a number of cities throughout the region prior to the establishment of the Kingdom of Singapura.

In Hindu-Buddhist culture , lions were associated with power and protection, which may explain the attraction of such a name. However, the precise time and reason for the name change is unknown. The semi-historical Malay Annals state that Temasek was christened Singapura by Sang Nila Utama , a 13th-century Srivijayan Raja from Palembang. The Annals state that Sang Nila Utama encountered a strange beast on the island that he took to be a lion.

Seeing this as an omen, he established the town of Singapura where he encountered the beast. The second hypothesis, drawn from Portuguese sources , postulates that this mythical story is based on the real life Parameswara of Palembang. Parameswara declared independence from Majapahit and mounted a Lion Throne, thus claiming the Srivijaya Empire. After then being driven into exile by the Javanese , he usurped control over Temasek.

It is possible that he rechristened the area as Singapura , recalling the throne he had been driven from.

Under Japanese occupation , Singapore was renamed Syonan Japanese : 昭 南 , Hepburn : Shōnan , meaning "Light of the South. Habibie referred to Singapore as a red dot on a map.

In , according to the Malay Annals , the Kingdom of Singapura was founded on the island by Sang Nila Utama. The British governor Stamford Raffles arrived in Singapore on 28 January and soon recognised the island as a natural choice for the new port. With the Temenggong's help, Raffles managed to smuggle Tengku Long back into Singapore. In , a further treaty with the Sultan led to the entire island becoming a British possession.

Singapore became the regional capital in Singapore was not greatly affected by the First World War —18 , as the conflict did not spread to Southeast Asia. The only significant event during the war was the Singapore Mutiny by Muslim sepoys from British India, who were garrisoned in Singapore. After World War I , the British built the large Singapore Naval Base as part of the defensive Singapore strategy. Winston Churchill touted it as the " Gibraltar of the East", and military discussions often referred to the base as simply " East of Suez ".

However, the British Home Fleet was stationed in Europe, and the British could not afford to build a second fleet to protect their interests in Asia. The plan was for the Home Fleet to sail quickly to Singapore in the event of an emergency. As a consequence, after World War II broke out in , the fleet was fully occupied with defending Britain, leaving Singapore vulnerable to Japanese invasion.

During the Pacific War , the Japanese invasion of Malaya culminated in the Battle of Singapore. When the British force of 60, troops surrendered on 15 February , British prime minister Winston Churchill called the defeat "the worst disaster and largest capitulation in British history". Japanese newspapers triumphantly declared the victory as deciding the general situation of the war. After the Japanese surrender to the Allies on 15 August , Singapore fell into a brief state of violence and disorder; looting and revenge-killing were widespread.

British, Australian, and Indian troops led by Lord Louis Mountbatten returned to Singapore to receive the formal surrender of Japanese forces in the region from General Seishirō Itagaki on behalf of General Hisaichi Terauchi on 12 September He was convicted and hanged in the Philippines on 23 February Much of Singapore's infrastructure had been destroyed during the war, including those needed to supply utilities. A shortage of food led to malnutrition, disease, and rampant crime and violence.

A series of strikes in caused massive stoppages in public transport and other services. However, by late the economy began to recover, facilitated by a growing international demand for tin and rubber. British Military Administration ended on 1 April , with Singapore becoming a separate Crown Colony. During the s, Chinese communists , with strong ties to the trade unions and Chinese schools, waged a guerrilla war against the government, leading to the Malayan Emergency.

The National Service riots , Hock Lee bus riots , and Chinese middle schools riots in Singapore were all linked to these events. He resigned and was replaced by Lim Yew Hock in , and after further negotiations Britain agreed to grant Singapore full internal self-government for all matters except defence and foreign affairs.

PAP leaders believed that Singapore's future lay with Malaya, due to strong ties between the two. It was thought that reuniting with Malaya would benefit the economy by creating a common market, alleviating ongoing unemployment woes in Singapore.

However, a sizeable pro-communist wing of the PAP was strongly opposed to the merger, fearing a loss of influence, and hence formed the Barisan Sosialis , splitting from the PAP. UMNO, initially sceptical of the idea of a merger due to distrust of the PAP government and concern that the large ethnic Chinese population in Singapore would alter the racial balance in Malaya on which their political power base depended, became supportive of the idea of the merger due to joint fear of a communist takeover.

On 27 May , Malaya's prime minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman , made a surprise proposal for a new Federation called Malaysia , which would unite the current and former British possessions in the region: the Federation of Malaya , Singapore, Brunei , North Borneo , and Sarawak.

This referendum included a choice of different terms for a merger with Malaysia and had no option for avoiding merger altogether. Indonesia opposed the formation of Malaysia due to its own claims over Borneo and launched Konfrontasi Confrontation in Indonesian in response to the formation of Malaysia.

It was the deadliest of at least 42 bomb incidents which occurred during the confrontation. Even after the merger, the Singaporean government and the Malaysian central government disagreed on many political and economic issues.

In retaliation, Singapore did not extend to Sabah and Sarawak the full extent of the loans agreed to for economic development of the two eastern states. Talks soon broke down, and abusive speeches and writing became rife on both sides. This led to communal strife in Singapore, culminating in the race riots.

After being expelled from Malaysia, Singapore became independent as the Republic of Singapore on 9 August , [95] [96] with Lee Kuan Yew and Yusof bin Ishak as the first prime minister and president respectively. During the s, Singapore began to shift towards high-tech industries, such as the wafer fabrication sector, in order to remain competitive as neighbouring countries began manufacturing with cheaper labour.

Singapore Changi Airport was opened in and Singapore Airlines was formed. The PAP, which has remained in power since independence, is believed to rule in an authoritarian manner by some activists and opposition politicians who see the strict regulation of political and media activities by the government as an infringement on political rights. Group Representation Constituencies GRCs were introduced in to create multi-seat electoral divisions, intended to ensure minority representation in parliament.

In , Goh Chok Tong succeeded Lee and became Singapore's second prime minister. Singapore is a parliamentary republic based on the Westminster system. The Constitution of Singapore is the supreme law of the country, establishing the structure and responsibility of government. The president is head of state and exercises executive power on the advice of her ministers. The prime minister is head of government and is appointed by the president as the person most likely to command the confidence of a majority of Parliament.

Cabinet is chosen by the prime minister and formally appointed by the president. The government is separated into three branches:. The president is directly elected by popular vote for a renewable six-year term. Requirements for this position, which were enacted by the PAP government, are extremely stringent, such that only a handful of people qualify for the candidacy. The Constitution requires that presidential elections be " reserved " for a racial community if no one from that ethnic group has been elected to the presidency in the five most recent terms.

She also became Singapore's first female president. Members of Parliament MPs are elected at least every five years or sooner in the case of a snap election. The 14th and current Parliament has members; 93 were directly elected from the 31 constituencies , nine are nonpartisan nominated members appointed by the president, and three are non-constituency members from opposition parties who were not elected in the last general election but appointed to the legislature to increase opposition party representation.

In group representation constituencies GRCs , political parties assemble teams of candidates rather than nominate individuals to contest elections. At least one MP in a GRC must be of an ethnic minority background. All elections are held using first-past-the-post voting. The most effective opposition party is the Workers' Party. The judicial system is based on English common law , continuing the legal tradition established during British rule and with substantial local differences.

Criminal law is based on the Indian Penal Code originally intended for British India , and was at the time as a crown colony also adopted by the British colonial authorities in Singapore and remains the basis of the criminal code in the country with a few exceptions, amendments and repeals since it came into force.

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14/07/ · Capital of songapore. The capital of Singapore is the city of Singapore. It is located on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula and has a population of over 5 million The capital of Singapore is Singapore, which was founded 8/9/ Singapore has been the capital since NA. Singapore is the largest city in Singapore and functions as: Houses the noun the capital of Singapore; one of the world's biggest ports synonyms: Singapore see more Think you’ve got a good vocabulary? Take our quiz. ASSESSMENT: POINTS The air The Capital City of Singapore (officially named Republic of Singapore) is the city of Singapore. The population of Singapore in the year was 4,, Singapore is a Malay, English, To do this, I had to return to Singapore, and thence, after a two days' voyage, I arrived at Kuching, the capital of Sarawak. "Wanderings Among South Sea Savages And in Borneo and 19/08/ · Singapore is both a city and a country, so its capital also happens to be the whole of Singapore, as well. This also explains why all of Singapore’s phone numbers belong to a ... read more

Archived from the original on 29 May Malaya and Singapore — The fall of Britain's empire in the East. ISSN Three other official names. The Times. Singapore began hosting a round of the Formula One World Championship , the Singapore Grand Prix at the Marina Bay Street Circuit in Archived from the original on 14 April

Retrieved 11 October Archived from the capital of songapore on 17 September Yale Universal. Inaccording to the Malay Annalsthe Kingdom of Singapura capital of songapore founded on the island by Sang Nila Utama. Jane's Defence Review. Archived from the original on 23 March

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